Destination of Tourist Trip in: Manu Reserve Zone
Manu Reserve Zone – Manu National Park, one of the biggest protected areas in the world, is home to the some of the greatest biodiversity and the greatest biomass in the world. The park boasts over 1,000 species of birds and 200 species of mammals. Including the biosphere reserve (Manu National Park, Reserved Zone, and Cultural Zone), Manu spans across a variety of habitats, from the Andean cloud forests to the humid lowland rainforests. Many magnificent creatures inhabit Manu’s rich ecosystem, including Jaguars, Pumas, Spectacled Bears, Tapirs, Anacondas, and Harpy Eagles. A generous amount of butterflies and plants inhabit Manu’s different bioregions.
In 1973, the Peruvian government established Manu as a park protecting the great
biodiversity living in it. In 1977, Manu National Park became a Biosphere Reserve. Then, in 1987, UNESCO declared Manu a World Natural Heritage Site. Protecting countless numbers of species of animals and plants, and a plethora of different habitats, Manu truly is “a living eden – Manu Reserve Zone.
MANÚ NATIONAL PARK
In this huge 1.5 million hectare park successive tiers of vegetation rise from tropical forested plains at 350m through mountain cloud forest to high grasslands above 4,000m. Its forests hold some of the greatest biodiversity on the continent with at least 860 species of birds, and rare animals such as the giant otter, giant armadillo and jaguar.
Manú National Park
NATURAL WORLD HERITAGE SITE
1987: Inscribed on the World Heritage List under Natural Criteria ix and x.
2009: Extended slightly under the same criteria to include the National Park.
STATEMENT OF OUTSTANDING UNIVERSAL VALUE [pending]
1977: Designated a Biosphere Reserve under the UNESCO Man & Biosphere Programme (1,881,200 ha).
IUCN MANAGEMENT CATEGORY
II National Park
Amazonia / Yungas / Puna (8.5.1 / 8.35.12 / 8.36.12)
The Park lies in the southeastern Peruvian Andes 70 km directly northeast of Cusco, covering most of the Manú River catchment from the crest of the Cordillera de Carabaya to the rainforests of the Amazon basin, between 71o 10’ to 72o
22’W and 11 o 17’ to 13 o 11’S.
DATES AND HISTORY OF ESTABLISHMENT
1968: The Manú area first declared a Nature Reserve.
1973: The National Park established by Supreme Decree No 644-73-AG;
1977: Designated a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve with surrounding protected areas;
1980: The Manu Reserved Zone established by Supreme Resolution No.151-1980;
2002: The National Park enlarged by the Manu and Amarakaeri Reserves to 215,537.74 ha;
2009: The site boundary in the east slightly amended to include the whole of the National Park.
LAND TENURE MANU RESERVE
State, in the Departments of Madre de Dios and Cuzco. Administered by the Instituto de Recursos Nationales (INRENA) under the Corporation de Desarrollo de Madre de Dios for daily oversight and the Dirección General Forestal y de Fauna for long term planning.
AREA MANU RESERVE
Manú National Park covers 1,716,295 ha, including a detached Cultural Zone of 19,395 ha 40 km to the east. The overlapping Biosphere Reserve also includes the adjacent and intervening Reserva Manú of 257,000 ha and the Amarakaeri Communal Reserve of 402,335 ha.
ALTITUDE MANU RESERVE
365 (Manú river mouth) to ~4,000m (Cerro Huasca